reproductive medicine

Reproductive surgery for the female parner

Reproductive surgery comes into consideration when other diagnostic or treatment modalities do not have the desired effect or when a particular diagnosis needs to be confirmed or ruled out as a cause for infertility.



Office hysteroscopy

Office hysteroscopy is a minimally invasive procedure carried out in an outpatient setting without anaesthesia, which uses a mini-camera to inspect the female genital tract.


Laser office hysteroscopy

Nadezhda hospital also offers laser office hysteroscopy. This is a minimally invasive procedure, which uses a diode laser for the surgical removal of polyps and myomas. The procedure is performed in an office setting, without general anaesthesia.



Laparoscopy is an endoscopic surgical technique that uses a small cut in the abdominal wall through which a laparoscope is introduced inside the body. The laparoscope is a long thin tube (only a few millimetres in diameter) with a tiny camera at the end, used to visualise the abdominal cavity. 



Hysteroscopy is employed as a diagnostic method or a surgical treatment modality in some conditions. It is a detailed review of the uterine cavity utilising an optical telescope called a hysteroscope.

See also

Specialised procedures for the female partner
Specialised procedures for the male partner
Specialised tests for the female partner
Specialised tests for the male partner